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Vestibular rehab is an exercise program which is performed to eliminate/minimize dizziness and loss of balance due to an inner ear dysfunction. Our multidisciplinary balance assessment and treatment team provides patients with a comprehensive evaluation of dizziness, unsteadiness, vertigo, and fall prevention. We work closely with the audiologists at Mary Rutan Ear, Nose & Throat to coordinate appropriate vestibular testing and rehab. Vestibular testing includes hearing evaluation and Videonystagmography Testing (VNG). VNG is a comprehensive test used to determine a person's dizziness. This test includes: eye and head movements and a caloric exam (warm and cool air presented into the ear canal).

Symptoms of inner ear dysfunction:

  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of balance
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Hearing loss
  • Fullness in the ear
  • Visual disturbances
  • Nystagmus (involuntary movement of the eyes)
  • Vertigo (spinning sensation)

Common causes of dizziness:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
  • Vestibular neuritis
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Perilymph fistula
  • Bilateral vestibular dysfunction
  • Head trauma
  • Balance problems
  • Ménière's disease
  • Migraines

Treatment of dizziness:

  • Particle repositioning maneuver in order to correct BPPV
  • Balance retraining
  • Eye and head coordination activities
  • Habituation activities (method in which the brain reduces or compensates for dizziness through repeated stimulation)